Ebola Virus Disease treatment Vaccine could be the game changer in the DAR Outbreak!
Ebola outbreak in Democratic Republic of Congo (DAR) may end soon.Traditional treatment options for this epidemic include quarantine, rehydration with oral or intravenous fluids and various drugs. Scientists have toiled for years and the discovery of the experimental ebola vaccine (ring vaccination trial-rVSV-ZEBOV),made by merck, in Mbandaka, a major city in the Democratic Republic of Congo to 8000 to 10,000 people in the first phase.It is thrilling and has raised hope to help contain this epidemic. Success of the vaccine hinges on the speed with which people effected with the virus are identified.In this outbreak,if the vaccine works ,it will be a paradigm shift in the perspective with which we view Ebola3.
What is Ebola?
Ebola or ebola hemorrhagic fever or ebola virus disease (EVD) is a severe and often fatal disease in humans and other nonhuman primates such as monkeys, gorillas and chimpanzees.The virus which cause this disease are mainly in africa. It first discovered in 1976 near the ebola river in what is now Democratic Republic of Congo .The outbreak in west africa in 2014-2016 was the largest Ebola outbreak.
How does it spread?
Fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family are considered the natural Ebola virus hosts.Other animals infected with the virus are gorillas,chimpanzees and monkeys.It is infected to humans through direct contact of bodily fluids such as blood,urine,tears etc from an infected person/animal/object or sexual contact.
What are the symptoms?
Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days.Initial symptoms include fever, sore throat,headache,muscle pain and chills.This could be followed by diarrhoea vomiting,internal and external bleeding,elevated liver and kidney enzymes.
With the 9th outbreak since its discovery,we hope the new vaccine will be a game changer.Raising awareness about the causes,symptoms and spread of the disease amongst the population still remains crucial in an effort to contain the outbreak.
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