Difference between Upper Respiratory Tract Infection & Bronchitis

Difference between Upper Respiratory Tract Infection & Bronchitis

What is upper respiratory tract infection (URT)?

An upper respiratory tract infection, also referred to as common cold is a major threat during the flu season. Rhinovirus, coronavirus, adenovirus, coxsackievirus, influenza virus and other contagious viruses are primarily responsible for the infection in the upper respiratory tract or URT that consists of the nose, throat, larynx, nasal cavity, and mouth.

Causes of upper respiratory tract infection

What is Bronchitis?

Bronchitis is a type of swelling or inflammation in the bronchial tubes. The air passage connecting the mouth or nose to the lungs becomes inflamed with thick mucus which is an indication of a serious respiratory problem. Bronchitis can be of two types, acute and chronic.

Acute bronchitis: Most people get affected with acute bronchitis that in most cases lasts for two weeks. Thankfully, health complications post that are rare and generally not heard of.

Chronic bronchitis: The inflamed bronchial tubes produce a lot of thick mucus that leads to difficulty in breathing and coughing. It is a long-term sickness that requires immediate and continuous medical attention. In the worst case scenario, it leads to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) which is prevalent among smokers.

Symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection:

Symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection

Running nose, sneezing, nasal congestion and cough are the hallmark symptoms of this respiratory infection. However, there are a host of other sub-symptoms that might include:

  • Fatigue

  • Headache

  • Wheezing

  • Fever

  • Pain during swallowing

Acute Bronchitis Symptoms

Symptoms of bronchitis

Acute bronchitis usually develops when you are already suffering from cold. The main symptoms of acute bronchitis is persistent cough in addition to a sore throat, difficulties in swallowing, frequent nasal discharge, body ache, chest congestion, and fever to name a few. If it gets severe, one may experience shortness of breath.

Causes for upper respiratory tract infection:

Infections in the upper airways of the lungs mostly occur due to viruses that cause cough, cold, and flu. The contagious viruses enter the body through the mucous membranes of the nose and cause serious infection.

Factors causing bronchitis:

  • Exposure to external elements, such as dust and fumes

  • Repeated inflammation in the bronchial tubes

  • Exposure to lung irritants from field work, fires and high pollution level.


Treatments for Upper Respiratory Tract Infection:

In most cases, upper respiratory tract infections do not require any specific medical attention till deterioration is imminent or signs of the same begin to manifest. A physician consult would then be required.

Effective home remedies like salt water gargle, vapour and consumption of therapeutic foods provide effective alternative relief. Timely and regimen based intake of vitamin-C, zinc, certain minerals and nasal decongestants curtail the duration of the viral infection. However, instead of investing in all the above-mentioned ingredients, it would be far wise to try PhytoRelief-CC. It is a soft lozenge that offers triple benefits of turmeric, ginger, and pomegranate. It is not only effective for treating URT infections but also a useful solution for boosting immunity.

Treatments for Bronchitis:

Onset of acute bronchitis is primarily due to viral infections. The prescribed antibiotics though effective, often carry unwanted side-effects and may definitely not be the best solution providers.

Don’t be surprised if your physician recommends you to increase your fluid intake and sleep to treat acute bronchitis. However, if it gets severe due to negligence, the doctor might suggest you to take a few antibiotics, steroids, oxygen therapy and pulmonary rehabilitation.

Chronic bronchitis is a serious health issue for which medication is imperative. Untreated bronchitis may lead to permanent lung damage. Take care!

“The article is based on the information available in public and which the author believes to be true. The author is not disseminating any information, which the author believes or knows, is confidential or in conflict with the privacy of any person. The views expressed or information supplied through this article is mere opinion and observation of the author. The author does not intend to defame, insult or, cause loss or damage to anyone, in any manner, through this article.”

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